ARK 610, 3.0 ects, Spring term 2022
URBAN PLANNING AND DESIGN THEORY –
DEALING WITH INEQUALITIES
Course responsible: Kristina Grange
ARK610 History, theory and method 5 lp3 VT22 (3 hp)
Course is offered by the department of Architecture and Civil Engineering
The aim of this course is to further the students’ knowledge about power perspectives shaping the city, and ultimately the society we live in. We will look at how economic, social and political preconditions shape how we currently think about, plan and reproduce the city; what the consequences of these preconditions are for individuals as well as the society; but also how one could think differently about these processes. We will specifically ask questions concerning how architects and planners can relate to these societal issues, in order to contribute to a better world for more people.
The course Urban Planning and Design Theory – Dealing with Inequalities will explore specific theoretical trajectories dealing with issues such as Equality, Gender and Democracy in the City; Segregation and Urban Uprisings; Gentrification, Renovictions and Housing Politics; and The Right to the City. For each seminar there will be a specific theme we deal with and texts we read and discuss jointly and in smaller groups. There will also be suggestions for other readings, in order to enhance each student’s choice of a theme for individual work.
The course will further train the student’s ability to use source texts as a basis for formulating a research question, an individual position, and a line of argument. It will also train the student in analysing arguments laid out in other texts, and appropriately use citation, references and bibliography. Each student will hand in a final academic text of 2000-2200 words, complete with references and a bibliography. Students are required to participate actively in a minimum of 80% of the seminars.
Assignments and Pedagogy
For each literature seminar there will be two mandatory texts that will be discussed. Each student will have to hand in a short text (1/2 an A4 page) the day before each seminar, in which the texts are analysed. In these assignments one should answer the questions:
- What did I find interesting with these texts?
- What from these texts do I want to take further in my final academic text?
- After having read these texts, what do I see as a possible line of argument for my own essay?
After having handed in the assignments, the students will be divided into groups of 4-5 persons. Each student is expected to give comments on one other student’s text, during the group work. The three literature seminars consist of both short lectures, group work, and concluding discussions in class.
After the three literature seminars have been held the students will be divided into focus groups, in which the members jointly will discuss and help each other in developing their individual academic texts. Before the final handing in of the final assignment, there will be an opportunity for individual meetings where the student can raise questions about aim, method and structure of the essay and discuss with the teacher.
Final assignment and grading
Each student’s final assignment is reviewed and graded after submission at the end of the semester. Grading is 3, 4, 5 or failed. The grade 3 equals a good assignment, which is mainly descriptive, and in which the student refers to both individually chosen texts and texts from the course literature. The grade 4 equals a more analytical approach by which the student has not only produced a well written assignment but managed to show a deeper understanding and ability to use references from both the course literature and other sources in a more analytical way. The grade 5 is excellent, and equals an assignment by which the student has shown a deep theoretical understanding, managed to use references from both the course literature and other texts and produced an independent and argumentative contribution. The final assignments must be handed in in time (medical certificate needed for a change of deadline). The assignments should be submitted as word files, with name and the amont of words declared. They must include references to the course literature. There is no chance to rework the essay for a new grading during the course.
Hours in class
4 x 3 = 12, plus optional meeting for individual questions
Hours for individual studies
Course representatives 2022
MPARC Axeljakobsson98@gmail.com Axel Jakobsson Olsson
MPARC email@example.com Yongting Lu
MPARC firstname.lastname@example.org Simon Norberg
MPARC email@example.com Sandra Richardson
MPDSD firstname.lastname@example.org Ida Ylenfors
Schedule and reading list
INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE
23rd February, 9.00-12.00 to be decided whether on zoom or in class, (8.00-9.00 and 13.00-17.00 individual work)
Introduction to the course, themes for seminars, course representatives, requirements for passing, etc.
The Film Push, 1h 30min
- Jonas, AEG, McCann, E and Thomas M (2015) Chapter 1, Approaching the City, In: Urban Geography: A Critical Introduction, West Sussex: Wiley Blackwell, p. 1-26.
Literature Seminar 1 – SEGREGATION
1st March, Hand in of short assignment on Canvas
2nd March, 9.00-12.00 SB-393, (8.00-9.00 and 13.00-17.00 individual work)
What is academic reading and writing?
- Dikec, M (2017) Chapter 1 and 5, Rage in the Urban Age, and Even in Sweden, In: Urban Rage. The Revolt of the Excluded, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 1-15 and 130-155.
- Chadda, A and Wilson, WJ (2011) ‘Way Down in the Hole’: Systemic Urban Inequality and The Wire, Critical Inquiry, Vol 38(1): 164-188. https://blog.richmond.edu/watchingthewire/files/2015/08/Way-Down-in-the-Hole.pdf
- Davis, M (2004) Planet of Slums: Urban Involution and the Informal Proletariat, New Left Review, 26: 5-34. http://www.foresightfordevelopment.org/sobipro/55/503-planet-of-slums-urban-involution-and-the-informal-proletariat
- Sernhede, O, Thörn, C, and Thörn, H (2016) The Stockholm Uprising in Context: Urban Social Movements in the Demise of the Swedish Wel-fare City. In: Mayer, M, Thörn, C & Thörn, H (Eds.) Urban Uprisings. Challenging Neoliberal Urbanism in Sweden, London: Palgrave MacMillan, p. 149-173.
Literature Seminar 2 – HOUSING POLITICS
8th March, Hand in of short assignment at Canvas
9th March, 9.00-12.00 SB393, (8.00-9.00 and 13.00-17.00 individual work)
- Baeten, G, Westin, S, Pull, E and Molina, I (2017) Pressure and Violence: Housing renovation and displacement in Sweden, Environment and Planning A, 49(3): 631-651.http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0308518X16676271
- Harvey, D (2015) Contradiction 1, Use Value and Exchange Value, In: Seventeen Contradictions and the End of Capitalism, London: Profile Books, p. 15-24.
- Hedin, K, Clark, E, Lundholm, E and Malmberg, G (2012) Neoliberalization of Housing in Sweden: Gentrification, Filtering and Social Polarization, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 102(2): 443-463. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00045608.2011.620508
- Jonas, AEG, McCann, E and Thomas M (2015) Chapter 2, Cities for Whom?, In: Urban Geography: A Critical Introduction, West Sussex: Wiley Blackw, p.27-52.
- Movilla Vega, D and Hallemar, D (2017) 99 Years of the Housing Question in Sweden, Lund: Studentlitteratur.
Literature Seminar 3 – GENTRIFICATION
5th April, Hand in of short assignment at Canvas
6th April, 9.00-12.00 SB-K582 (8.00-9.00 and 13.00-17.00 individual work)
- Thörn, C, and Holgersson, H (2016) Revisiting the urban frontier through the case of New Kvillebäcken, Gothenburg, City, 20(5): 663-684. http://rsa.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13604813.2016.1224479?src=recsys#.WnHISSOZNsY
- Landzeius, M (2012) Real estate ownership concentration and urban governance, In: Larsson, B, Letell, M and Thörn, H (Eds.) Transformations of the Swedish Welfare State. From Social Engineering to Governance?, 230-245.
- Harvey, D (2004) The ‘new’ imperialism: Accumulation by dispossession Social Register, 63-87. http://www.socialistregister.com/index.php/srv/article/view/5811/2707#.WnHKEyOZNsY
- Holgersson, H, Thörn, C, Thörn, H and Wahlström M (2010) A critical view of Gothenburg, In: Holgersson, H, Thörn, C, Thörn, H and Wahlström M (Eds.) (re)searching Gothenburg. Essays on a changing city, Gothenburg: Glänta production, p. 7-26.
- Tahvilzadeh, N, Montin, S and Cullberg, M (2017) Functions of sustainability: exploring what urban sustainability policy discourse ‘does’ in the Gothenburg metropolitan area, Local Environment, 22(1): 65-85. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13549839.2017.1320538
- Thörn, C (2011) Soft Policies of Exclusion: Entrepreneurial Strategiesof Ambience and Control of Public Space in Gothenburg, Sweden, Urban Geography, 32(7): 989-1008. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.2747/0272-36126.96.36.1999
Focus groups – DEVELOPING YOUR INDIVIDUAL ESSAYS
14th April, 8.00-17.00, Self study in focus groups or individually
19th April, 8.00-17.00, Self study in focus groups or individually
Go through your short assignments and start identifying your individually chosen topic for your final assignment. Start looking for material (books, articles, news papers etc which can provide your with information about your topic).
Optional readings for self study and/or focus group work –
EQUALITY, GENDER AND DEMOCRACY
- Listerborn, C (2016) Feminist struggle over urban safety and the politics of space, European Journal of Women’s Studies, 23(3): 251–264.
- Fraser, N (1995) From Redistribution to Recognition? Dilemmas of Justice in a ‘Postsocialist’ Age. New Left Review, (212):68-93. https://frgnyu.files.wordpress.com/2015/09/fraser-young-butler-in-nlr.pdf
- Fainstein, S (2009) Spatial justice and planning, Journal on Spatial Justice and Planning, 1(1): 58–7,https://www.jssj.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/JSSJ1-5en1.pdf
- Soja, E (2010) Prologue, In: Seeking Spatial Justice, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, p. vii-xviii.
- Uitermark, J and Nicholls, W (2017) Planning for social justice: Strategies, dilemmas, tradeoffs Planning Theory, 16(1): 32–50. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1473095215599027
- Young, IM (1990) Chapter 1, Displacing the Distributive Paradigm, In: Justice and the Politics of Difference, Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 15-38.
Optional readings for focus group work – THE RIGHT TO THE CITY
- Jonas, AEG, McCann, E and Thomas M (2015) Chapter 12, Alternative Urban Spaces and Politics, In: Urban Geography: A Critical Introduction, West Sussex: Wiley Blackwell, p. 1252-273.
- Bradley, K (2015) Open-Source Urbanism: Creating, Multiplying and Managing Urban Commons, Footprint, Spring 2015: 91-108, http://ojs-lib.tudelft.nl/index.php/footprint/article/view/901
- Harvey, D (2008) The right to the city, New Left Review, 53: 23-40. https://newleftreview.org/II/53/david-harvey-the-right-to-the-city
- Hernberg, H and Mazé, R (2017) Architect/Designer as ‘Urban agent’: A case of mediating temporary use in cities, Nordes (7): 1-7, http://www.nordes.org/nordes2017/assets/cases/nordes17c-sub1007-cam-i26_HERNBERG.pdf
- Lefebvre H (1968) The right to the city, In: Writings on cities, Massachusett: Blackwell, p. 147-149. https://monoskop.org/images/4/40/Lefebvre_Henri_Writings_on_Cities.pdf
- Massey, D (2004) Geographies of responsibility, Geografiska Annaler, 86(1): 5-18. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.0435-3684.2004.00150.x/full
- Purcell, M (2003) Excavating Lefebvre: The right to the city and its urban politics of the inhabitant, GeoJournal, 58: 99–108. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/B:GEJO.0000010829.62237.8f
INDIVIDUAL MEETINGS/SELF STUDY
4th May, 8.00-17.00, Self study in focus groups and/or individually
4th May, 9.00-12.00 SB-K582, sign up in advance for these meetings
18th May, 8.00-17.00, Self study in focus groups and/or individually
18th May, 9.00-12.00 on zoom, sign up in advance for these meetings
HAND IN OF FINAL ACADEMIC TEXT
27th May, 8.00-17.00, Self study
27th May, 17.00 Deadline for handing in final academic text on Canvas
General course plan
ARK 590-615 History, theory and method,
Elective course 3 hp
Grades: Five, Four, Thee, Failed
The course furthers the students’ knowledge in the history, theory or critical studies of architecture and urban design. It explores specific theoretical trajectories that shape current issues in the field. It trains the students’ ability to use source texts as a basis for formulating a position, argument and/ or research query.
Learning outcomes (after completion of the course the student should be able to:)
Knowledge and understanding
Demonstrate an understanding of a particular theoretical trajectory in architecture and urban design.
Abilities and skills
Understand and analyse arguments laid out in theoretical texts.
Use theoretical texts as basis for formulating a position or query.
Appropriately use citation, references and bibliography.
Ability of assessment and attitude
Promote the value (and joy!) of history, theory and critical studies in architecture. Critically relate their own writing and arguments in the course to larger issues or questions in architecture and urban design, as outlined in the brief.
The course consists of a series of lectures and seminars that contextualizes and discusses readings. With the aid of these seminars, and in dialogue with the instructor, students formulate a topic for their final paper. The final paper should be an academic text of minimum 2.000 words, complete with references and a bibliography.
The course starts in week 5 of the semester and meets 4-5 times before the end of the semester. The brief and its context is introduced in an introductory lecture. Learning is structured around a weekly reading assignment and a seminar or lecture of maximum 3 hours. Deliverables are defined at the outset of the course through weekly readings, assignments and presentations as well as in a final paper. Students work individually.
To be announced in a bibliography in each course brief.
Student are required to participate actively in a minimum of 80% of the seminars. Each student paper is reviewed and graded after submission at the end of the semester.
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